By Margaret Deanesly
A vintage historical past of the church from the accession of Gregory the nice to the Reformation.
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Additional resources for A History of the Medieval Church: 590-1500
The monastery at Lindisfarne, a group of huts of rough stone or wood, surrounded by a rampart, became the centre of Celtic Christianity in the north; Irish customs were followed, manuscripts were copied in the beautiful Irish handwriting and wonderfully illuminated, and a separate type of Northumbrian art arose, which was transmitted later to the two other great Northumbrian monasteries, Wearmouth and Jarrow. Aidan himself spent most of his time in preaching journeys, travelling on foot along the uplands of Northumbria, ascetic in his own life, generous to the poor, and gentle to all.
Benedict gradually replaced the Columban. The synod of Autun, 670, was the first to make the Benedictine rule obligatory on monasteries for at least part of France. In the synods of 742 and 743, presided over by the missionary Boniface, the rule is emphatically mentioned as the norm for all men’s and women’s cloisters. But it was not till after the work of Benedict of Aniane (see pp. 62–3) that the Benedictine rule actually became the standard for all continental monasteries. CHAPTER III THE MISSIONARIES: AUGUSTINE, AIDAN, WILLIBRORD, BONIFACE Augustine’s mission to Ethelbert of Kent—Missionary work from Canterbury—Aidan’s mission to Northumbria—Archbishop Theodore— Willibrord’s mission to Friesland—Boniface commissioned by Gregory II—Boniface founds German episcopate— Boniface reforms Frankish church The transformation of Christianity from a Mediterranean to a European religion was slow and gradual; the years of unsettlement during the barbarian invasions were not favourable to missionary progress.
Both were clerks, for they had received the tonsure and been dedicated to the Lord’s service: but the bishop’s clergy were clerks in a special sense and par excellence. The special points which call for notice in connexion with them are the contemporary conception of the clerical militia, the work of the bishop in his see or parochia, ecclesiastical revenues and stipends, and the training and spiritual work of the clergy. In the time of Gregory I the conception of the clergy as the “clerical militia” was already long developed.
A History of the Medieval Church: 590-1500 by Margaret Deanesly