Download e-book for iPad: About Antiquities: Politics of Archaeology in the Ottoman by Zeynep Çelik

By Zeynep Çelik

ISBN-10: 1477310193

ISBN-13: 9781477310199

Antiquities were pawns in empire-building and worldwide rivalries; strength struggles; assertions of nationwide and cultural identities; and cross-cultural exchanges, cooperation, abuses, and misunderstandings—all with the underlying part of monetary achieve. certainly, “who owns antiquity?” is a contentious query in lots of of today’s overseas conflicts.

About Antiquities bargains an interdisciplinary learn of the connection among archaeology and empire-building round the flip of the 20th century. beginning at Istanbul and concentrating on antiquities from the Ottoman territories, Zeynep Çelik examines the preferred discourse surrounding claims to the prior in London, Paris, Berlin, and long island. She compares and contrasts the stories of 2 museums—Istanbul’s Imperial Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art—that aspired to emulate eu collections and achieve the status and gear of possessing the fabric fragments of old historical past. Going past associations, Çelik additionally unravels the complex interactions between individuals—Westerners, Ottoman selection makers and officers, and native laborers—and their competing stakes in antiquities from such mythical websites as Ephesus, Pergamon, and Babylon.

Recovering views which have been misplaced in histories of archaeology, quite these of the excavation employees whose voices have by no means been heard, About Antiquities presents vital historic context for present controversies surrounding nation-building and the possession of the past.

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Public transportation, another key development in city planning at the time, worked hand in hand with museums, expanding their accessibility to large groups of people. All main European museums were prominently situated in city centers and surrounded by open spaces, be they squares or parks. The Louvre Museum, lodged in its enormous palace, was created as a result of the French Revolution. Opened in 1793 as the centralized art collection of the French nation, it was built of the royal art collections and those appropriated from the various palaces, churches, and monasteries after the revolution.

Responding to an inquiry with respect to the archaeological explorations in western and southern Anatolia and Crete, Oscar Solomon Straus of the Legation of the United States in Constantinople had defined the difference between American researchers and their European counterparts. ”18 The debates surfaced in the pages of the New York Times. While repeated references were made to the restrictions imposed on archaeological work and the “endless need for diplomacy,” the American position often appeared to contrast with European partisanship in its more sympathetic tone.

2 The physical growth of the museum, in accord with the ever-­increasing numbers of objects, pointed to the significance of the institution. 3 It was no secret that the construction of the new wings had necessitated endless struggles due to the scarcity of state finances, giving some rationale to the rumors that reached J. P. 2; see also plates 1 and 2). The later extensions were made possible after persistent and systematic pressure from the museum administration, which justified its demands by pointing to the “day-­by-­day” increase of the collection.

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About Antiquities: Politics of Archaeology in the Ottoman Empire by Zeynep Çelik

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