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By Egbert J. Bakker

This finished examine of the Odyssey sees in meat and meat intake a centre of gravitation for the translation of the poem. It goals to put the cultural practices represented within the poem opposed to the heritage of the (agricultural) lived truth of the poem's audiences within the archaic age, and to align the subjects of the adventures in Odysseus' wanderings with the occasions that transpire at Ithaca within the hero's absence. The legal meat intake of the suitors of Penelope within the civilised area of Ithaca is proven to resonate with the adventures of Odysseus and his partners within the pre-cultural worlds they're compelled to go to. The ebook attracts on folklore reports, the anthropology of searching cultures, the comparative examine of oral traditions, and the rural heritage of archaic and classical Greece. it is going to even be of curiosity to narratologists and scholars of folklore and Homeric poetics.

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20. The hero returns. Just as we can recognize Propp’s return sequence in the narrative of Odysseus’ Homecoming in the second half of the poem, the quest sequence is readily visible in some of the hero’s adventures in the Otherworld. The Circe story in particular comes to mind, with Hermes as donor and the herb moly as magical agent. It would seem, then, that the Odyssey displays the same sequence that we see in Propp’s extended series. What is specific to the Odyssey, however, is that the hero’s nostos in the sense of voyage and survival of tribulations, and his nostos as actual homecoming are causally and thematically interrelated.

But whereas Circe performs both functions at the same time (the first quest being nested within the larger one, as we saw), Arete is first Odysseus’ goal and donor thereafter; the two sequences are linked through linear temporal progression. By the time we reach the scenes of Book Eight, the hero’s goal is neither survival nor hospitality anymore, as in the two previous sequences of Books Six and Seven, but an escort and a return home. , which prepares the way for his receiving either a magical agent or helper”) and the telling of the tale of the Wanderings (Books Nine–Twelve) to function 13 (“the hero reacts to the actions of the future donor”).

19 notes the similarity between the Circe adventure and the tale of Heracles getting back the horses of his chariot from the cave of Hylaie the Snake-Woman, with whom he has to make love (Hdt. 8–9). 22 Nostos as quest important for the narrative progression and coherence of the Odyssey. Odysseus’ reaching a new unknown island may not be the arrival at a deliberately chosen destination, but the encounter with its inhabitant(s) is intentional: a reconnaissance expedition typically takes place, usually at the sight of distant smoke.

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The Meaning of Meat and the Structure of the Odyssey by Egbert J. Bakker

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